Sodium valproate, a histone deacetylase inhibitor, enhances the efficacy of vinorelbine-cisplatin-based chemoradiation in non-small cell lung cancer cells

Vladimir Gavrilov, Konstantin Lavrenkov, Samuel Ariad, Shraga Shany

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim: To enhance the anticancer activity of vinorelbine, cisplatin and ionizing radiation (IR) combination against non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells by co-administration of sodium valproate (VPA), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, and to elucidate molecular events underpinning treatment efficacy. Materials and Methods: The NSCLC A549 cell line was treated with cisplatin (0.2 μg/ml), vinorelbine (2 nM), VPA (1 mM) and IR (2.5 Gy) alone, or in combination. Cell proliferation, cellcycle distribution, apoptosis, and levels of DNA double-strand breaks, activated DNA damage checkpoint kinases pCHK1, pCHK2, cell-cycle inhibitors p21CIP1/WAF1 and p27KIP1 were assessed. Results: VPA markedly enhanced the DNA-damaging effect of the cisplatin-vinorelbine-IR combination and induced increased DSBs, and expression of pCHK2, pCHK1, p21CIP1/WAF1 and p27KIP1. These molecular changes led to cell-cycle arrest and increased apoptosis and consequently markedly curtailed cancer cell growth. Conclusion: VPA markedly enhances the anticancer activity of cisplatin-vinorelbine-IR combination. This finding has translational implications for enhancing the efficacy of anticancer treatment and for reducing side-effects by reducing doses of radiation and drugs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6565-6572
Number of pages8
JournalAnticancer Research
Volume34
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2014

Keywords

  • Cisplatin
  • Ionizing radiation
  • Non-small cell lung cancer
  • Sodium valproate
  • Vinorelbine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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