Near the melting transition the bending elastic constant κ, an emergent property of double-stranded DNA (dsDNA), is shown not to follow the rodlike scaling for small-length N. The reduction in κ with temperature is determined by the denatured bubbles for a continuous transition, e.g., when the two strands are Gaussian, but by the broken bonds near the open end in a Y-like configuration for a first-order transition as for strands with excluded volume interactions. In the latter case, a lever rule is operational, implying a phase coexistence although dsDNA is known to be a single phase.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics