Soil carbon stocks in stream-valley-ecosystems in the Brazilian Cerrado agroscape

Karl M. Wantzen, Eduardo G. Couto, Eva E. Mund, Ricardo S.S. Amorim, Auberto Siqueira, Katja Tielbörger, Merav Seifan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

For climate mitigation it is important to identify and protect landscape units that have disproportionally large carbon storage (CS). Here we report on CS of the upper 30 and 60cm of soil in transects of vegetation types in stream valleys in the Brazilian Cerrado savanna, including Pasture, nearly native Cerrado vegetation, Vereda wetlands, and Gallery Forests. We chose three areas with varying types of human impacts in each of which three degraded and reference transects were compared. For the 60cm CS in undisturbed sites, maximum and average values per area were highest for Gallery Forest (360.0 and 206.5MgCha -1) and Vereda wetland (201.9 and 142.4MgCha -1), while those of Cerrado (57.7 and 52.7) and Pasture (62.3 and 52.7MgCha -1) were considerably lower. Variation between the three areas was high. In an area degraded by cattle trampling, losses in the upper 60cm compared to reference sites were highest in the carbon-rich vegetation types Vereda (72%) and Gallery Forest (71%) and lower in the carbon-poorer Pasture (33%) and Cerrado (7%). In areas degraded by fire or by erosion, results were less conclusive. Our data appeal to an improved conservation of riparian ecosystems of the Cerrado biome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-79
Number of pages10
JournalAgriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
Volume151
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cerrado
  • Land use changes
  • Riparian wetlands
  • Soil organic carbon
  • Tropical soils

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