The purpose of this study was to describe the daily pattern of changes in water content in the upper soil layers of a bare loess soil in the Negev desert throughout the dry season and to assess the corresponding relative magnitude of latent heat flux density. The measurements were carried out in the Northern Negev, Israel, over a bare loess soil, during nine 24-h field campaigns throughout the dry season of 2002. In addition to a micrometeorological station that was set up in the research site, an improved micro-lysimeter was installed. During each campaign, the 100-mm topsoil was sampled hourly, and water content at ten mm increments was obtained. A clear discernible daily cycle of water content in the upper soil layers was observed due to direct adsorption of water vapor by the soil and consequent evaporation. Although the water content of the uppermost soil is significantly lower than the wilting point, for which most of the commonly used meteorological models would assume no latent heat flux, the latter was ∼20% of the net-radiation during the night and 10-15% during the day. It is, therefore, concluded that latent heat flux plays a major role in the dissipation of the net radiation during the dry season in the Negev desert.
|Original language||English GB|
|Journal||Geophysical Research Abstracts|
|State||Published - 1 Dec 2004|
- 3322 Land/atmosphere interactions
- 1833 Hydroclimatology
- 1866 Soil moisture