Solar cell efficiency improvement using dip-pen nanolithography

Moshe Zohar, Zeev Fradkin, Evyatar Rimon, Hanoch Efraim, Mark Auslender, Marcos Roitman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


An innovative approach to improve the performance of photovoltaic solar cells ispresented. Until recently, the fabrication of grating layers has been well proven using bulk micromachining techniques, but lately low-cost dip-pen nanolithography (DPN) has been proposed as a method for printing nanostructures on different substrates and has matured to become one of the most versatile patterning techniques available at the nanoscale. However, this technique has scarcely been studied and tested for fabricating grating layers. In this research, submicron grating patterns from high refractive index polymers are fabricated on a few types of solar cells, significantly improving their efficiency. The appropriate geometries and materials for the grating patterns are obtained via numerical optimization using rigorous coupled wave analysis for electromagnetic simulations of the grating multilayer. Possible light-confinement schemes are analyzed, and their figures of merit are assessed. The simulation of the electrical characteristics is integrated with postdesign electromagnetic simulation. The corresponding theoretical and experimental studies shed light on the impact of the merger of the grating structure with the light harvester on the device's optical and electrical properties. Success in using DPN paves pathways to low-cost fabrication of light harvesting devices with improved performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number022503
JournalJournal of Photonics for Energy
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2018


  • antireflective coating
  • dip-pen nanolithography
  • solar cell efficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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