Source-sink relations of sunflower plants as affected by a parasite modifies carbon allocations and leaf traits

Shahar Pincovici, Amnon Cochavi, Arnon Karnieli, Jhonathan Ephrath, Shimon Rachmilevitch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sunflower broomrape (Orobanche cumana) is a root holoparasitic plant causing major damage to sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Parasite infection initiates source-sink relations between the parasite (sink) and the host (source), allocating carbohydrates, water and nutrients to the parasite. The primary aim of the current study was to explore responses of sunflower to broomrape parasitism, specifically to examine alternations in leaf area, leaf mass per area (LMA), mesophyll structure and root hydraulic conductivity. Leaf changes revealed modifications similar to described previously in shade adapted plants, causing larger and thinner leaves. These traits were accompanied with significantly higher root hydraulics. These changes were caused by carbohydrate depletion due to source-sink relationships between the host and parasite. An Imazapic herbicide (ALS inhibitor) was used for controlling broomrape attachments and by to investigate the plasticity of the traits found. Broomrape infected plants which were treated with Imazapic had leaves similar to non-infected plants, including mesophyll structure and carbon assimilation rates. These results demonstrated source-sink effects of broomrape which cause a low-light-like acclimation behavior which is reversible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-107
Number of pages8
JournalPlant Science
Volume271
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Broomrape
  • Imazapic
  • Leaf area
  • Leaf mass per area
  • Mesophyll structure
  • Root hydraulic conductance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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