Space-bandwith conditions for efficient phase-shifting digital holographic microscopy

Adrian Stern, Bahram Javidi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Microscopy by holographic means is attractive because it permits true three-dimensional (3D) visualization and 3D display of the objects. We investigate the necessary condition on the object size and spatial bandwidth for complete 3D microscopic imaging with phase-shifting digital holography with various common arrangements. The cases for which a Fresnel holographic arrangement is sufficient and those for which object magnification is necessary are defined. Limitations set by digital sensors are analyzed in the Wigner domain. The trade-offs between the various holographic arrangements in terms of conditions on the object size and bandwidth, recording conditions required for complete representation, and complexity are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)736-741
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics and Image Science, and Vision
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition


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