Body posture has an effect on sleeping quality and breathing disorders and therefore it is important to be recognized for the completion of the sleep evaluation process. Since humans have a directional acoustic radiation pattern, it is hypothesized that microphone arrays can be used to recognize different body postures, which is highly practical for sleep evaluation applications that already measure respiratory sounds using distant microphones. Furthermore, body posture may have an effect on distant microphone measurement; hence, the measurement can be compensated if the body posture is correctly recognized. A spherical harmonics decomposition approach to the spatial acoustic radiation is presented, assuming an array of eight microphones in a medium-sized audiology booth. The spatial sampling and reconstruction of the radiation pattern is discussed, and a final setup for the microphone array is recommended. A case study is shown using recorded segments of snoring and breathing sounds of three human subjects in three body postures in a silent but not anechoic audiology booth.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics