Spatial Audio Signal Enhancement by a Two-Stage Source - System Estimation With Frequency Smoothing for Improved Perception

Moti Lugasi, Anjali Menon, Vladimir Tourbabin, Boaz Rafaely

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In many applications, such as hearing aids and virtual reality, spatial audio is used to provide a more natural experience to the users. However, when captured in the real world, the audio signals may suffer from noise and interference. In this case, the challenge is to attenuate the undesired signals, while preserving the desired signals with their spatial information. In this paper, an approach for spatial signal enhancement is presented. This approach is based on two phases of estimation. The first phase is source signal estimation using a beamformer. Then, in the second phase, the acoustic transfer function (ATF) between the source and the array is estimated; this leads to an enhanced estimation of the desired signal at the microphones. This approach has been previously proposed, but was not investigated in depth. In this paper, a model for the estimated desired signals is developed. In contrast to other methods of spatial enhancement, no trade-off between noise reduction and signal distortion is found in this model, when there is a single desired source and a single interfering source in a reverberant room. To overcome the limited accuracy of ATF estimation for short duration signals, frequency smoothing is applied. Listening tests verify the performance of the proposed approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2584-2596
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE/ACM Transactions on Audio Speech and Language Processing
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2022


  • Frequency smoothing
  • microphone arrays
  • minimum variance distortionless response (MVDR) filter
  • noise reduction
  • room impulse response
  • room reverberation
  • spatial audio
  • speech enhancement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Spatial Audio Signal Enhancement by a Two-Stage Source - System Estimation With Frequency Smoothing for Improved Perception'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this