Spatial Modulation for Joint Radar-Communications Systems: Design, Analysis, and Hardware Prototype

Dingyou Ma, Nir Shlezinger, Tianyao Huang, Yariv Shavit, Moshe Namer, Yimin Liu, Yonina C. Eldar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


Dual-function radar-communications (DFRC) systems implement radar and communication functionalities on a single platform. Jointly designing these subsystems can lead to substantial gains in performance as well as size, cost, and power consumption. In this paper, we propose a DFRC system, which utilizes generalized spatial modulation (GSM) to realize coexisting radar and communications waveforms. Our proposed GSM-based scheme, referred to as spatial modulation based communication-radar (SpaCoR) system, allocates antenna elements among the subsystems based on the transmitted message, thus achieving increased communication rates by embedding additional data bits in the antenna selection. We formulate the resulting signal models, and present a dedicated radar processing scheme. To evaluate the radar performance, we characterize the statistical properties of the transmit beam pattern. Then, we present a hardware prototype of the proposed DFRC system, demonstrating the feasibility of the scheme. Our results show that the proposed GSM system achieves improved communication performance compared to techniques utilizing fixed allocations operating at the same data rate. For the radar subsystem, our experiments show that the spatial agility induced by the GSM transmission improves the angular resolution and reduces the sidelobe level in the transmit beam pattern compared to using fixed antenna allocations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9345999
Pages (from-to)2283-2298
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2021


  • Joint radar-communications system
  • spatial modulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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