Specialized peptide transport system in Escherichia coli

Z. Barak, C. Gilvarg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Trileucine is utilized as a source of leucine for growth of strains of Escherichia coli K-12 that are deficient in the oligopeptide transport system (Opp). Trithreonine is toxic to E. coli K-12. Opp- mutants of E. coli K-12 retain complete sensitivity to this tripeptide. Moreover, E. coli W, which is resistant to trithreonine, can utlize this tripeptide as a threonine source and this capability is fully maintained in E. coli W (Opp-). A spontaneous trithreonine-resistant mutant of E. coli K-12 (Opp-) has been isolated that has an impaired growth response to trileucine and is resistant to trithreonine. Trileucine competes with the uptake of trithreonine as measured by its ability to relieve trithreonine toxicity in E. coli K-12. It is concluded that trileucine as well as trithreonine are transported into E. coli K-12 or W by a common uptake system that is distinct from the Opp system. Trimethionine can act as a competitor of trileucine or trithreonine-supported growth and as an antagonist of trithreonine toxicity in Opp- mutants. It is concluded that trimethionine is recognized by the trileucine-trithreonine transport system. Trithreonine, trimethionine, and trileucine are also transported by the Opp system, as they all relieve triornithine toxicity towards E. coli W and compete with tetralysine utilization as lysine source for growth of a lysine auxotroph of this strain.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1200-1207
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Bacteriology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Dec 1975
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology


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