Spectral Signature of Mass Outflow in the Two Component Advective Flow Paradigm

Santanu Mondal, Sandip K. Chakrabarti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Outflows are common in many astrophysical systems. In the Two Component Advective Flow (TCAF) paradigm, which is essentially a generalized Bondi flow including rotation, viscosity, and cooling effects, the outflow originates in the hot, puffed up, post-shock region at the inner edge of the accretion disk. We consider this region to be the base of the jet carrying away matter with a high velocity. In this paper, we study the spectral properties of black holes using TCAF that includes also a jet (JeTCAF) in the vertical direction of the disk plane. Soft photons from the Keplerian disk are up-scattered by the post-shock region as well as by the base of the jet and are emitted as hard radiation. We also include the bulk motion Comptonization effect by the diverging flow of the jet. Our self-consistent accretion-ejection solution shows how the spectrum from the base of the jet varies with accretion rates, geometry of the flow, and the collimation factor of the jet. We apply the solution to a jetted candidate GS 1354-64 to estimate its mass outflow rate and the geometric configuration of the flow during the 2015 outburst observed by NuSTAR. The estimated mass outflow to mass inflow rate is {0.12} {-0.03} {+0.02}. From the model-fitted accretion rates, shock compression ratio, and the energy spectral index, we identify the presence of hard and intermediate spectral states of the outburst. Our model-fitted jet collimation factor (fcol) is found to be {0.47} {-0.09} {+0.09}.

Original languageEnglish
Article number41
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - 10 Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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