Sr immobilization in irradiated Portland cement paste exposed to carbonation

Gabriela Bar-Nes, Ofra Klein-BenDavid, Laure Chomat, Nathalie Macé, Michal Arbel-Haddad, Stéphane Poyet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cement based materials are widely used as binding matrices for radionuclides in low and intermediate level waste management applications. We studied the effect of irradiation and carbonation under atmospheric condition on the leaching of Sr from Portland cement paste. Samples were exposed to gamma irradiation or subjected to thermal treatment under either inert or atmospheric conditions. Leaching tests were performed and supplemented by post-leaching characterization including local chemical analysis (LA-ICPMS) crystallographic analysis (XRD), and EPMA imaging. The combination of these methods enabled us to link between the crystallography, texture and composition of the treated samples and their ability to retain Sr ions. Results show that carbonation was the main factor determining the retention of Sr ions, whereas irradiation did not have a significant effect. Moreover, carbonation has a positive effect on the retention of Sr ions in the matrix with the formation of a carbonated zone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-162
Number of pages11
JournalCement and Concrete Research
Volume107
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carbonation (C)
  • Cement paste (D)
  • Characterization (B)
  • Leaching
  • Radioactive waste (E)

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