## Abstract

We investigate the statistical complexity of estimating the parameters of a discrete-state Markov chain kernel from a single long sequence of state observations. In the finite case, we characterize (modulo logarithmic factors) the minimax sample complexity of estimation with respect to the operator infinity norm, while in the countably infinite case, we analyze the problem with respect to a natural entry-wise norm derived from total variation. We show that in both cases, the sample complexity is governed by the mixing properties of the unknown chain, for which, in the finite-state case, there are known finite-sample estimators with fully empirical confidence intervals.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 532-553 |

Number of pages | 22 |

Journal | Bernoulli |

Volume | 27 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 1 Feb 2021 |

## Keywords

- Discrete state space
- Ergodic Markov chain
- Minimax theory