Stimulation of Ca2+ efflux from sarcoplasmic reticulum by preincubation with ATP and inorganic phosphate.

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6 Scopus citations


Preincubation of sarcoplasmic reticulum with 1 mM-ATP completely inhibits Ca2+ accumulation and stimulates ATPase activity by over 2-fold. This effect of ATP is obtained only when the preincubation is carried out in the presence of Pi, but not with arsenate, chloride or sulphate. The inhibition by ATP of Ca2+ accumulation is pH-dependent, increasing as the pH is increased above 7.5. Inhibition of Ca2+ accumulation is observed on preincubation with ATP, but not with CTP, UTP, GTP, ADP, adenosine 5'-[beta gamma-methylene]triphosphate or adenosine 5'-[beta gamma-imido]triphosphate. The presence of Ca2+, but not Mg2+, during the preincubation, prevents the effect of ATP + Pi on Ca2+ accumulation. The ATP + Pi inhibition of Ca2+ accumulation is not due to modification of the ATPase catalytic cycle, but rather to stimulation of a rapid Ca2+ efflux from actively or passively loaded vesicles. This Ca2+ efflux is inhibited by dicyclohexylcarbodi-imide. Photoaffinity labelling of sarcoplasmic-reticulum membranes with 8-azido-[alpha-32P]ATP resulted in specific labelling of two proteins, of approx. 160 and 44 kDa. These proteins were labelled in the presence of Pi, but not other anions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-504
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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