Stimulation of mitogen-activated protein kinase and Na+/H+ exchanger in human platelets. Differential effect of phorbol ester and vasopressin

Orit Aharonovitz, Yosef Granot

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Treatment of human platelets with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) increase the phosphorylation and activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). Electrophoretic retardation of MAPK mobility on SDS-polyacrylamide gels was used for determination of MAPK phosphorylation. The activity of MAPK was tested in myelin basic protein (MBP)-containing polyacrylamide gels. In this study we compared the PMA and AVP signal transduction pathways leading to the activation of MAPKs and Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE). Both agonists stimulate MAPK and NHE activities in a similar time frame and concentration dependence. The MAPK and NHE activities induced by PMA were inhibited by staurosporine, a potent inhibitor for protein kinase C (PKC), and by MAPK kinase (MEK) inhibitor, PD98059, but were not affected by the tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein. In contrast, both AVP-induced MAPK and NHE activities were inhibited by genistein and MEK inhibitor but were not affected by staurosporine. Immunoprecipitation studies demonstrate that PMA, but not AVP, enhances the basal phosphorylation of the NHE-1. In this study, MAPKs are suggested to be a part of converging signaling leading to NHE activation by PKC-dependent and AVP-tyrosine kinase- dependent pathways. We propose that the MAPK activation of the NHE-1 does not involve phosphorylation of this exchanger protein. On the other hand, PKC can lead to phosphorylation and to additional activation of the NHE-1 through a MAPK-independent pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16494-16499
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number28
StatePublished - 30 Jul 1996


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