Stoichioproteomics reveal oxygen usage bias, key proteins and pathways in glioma

Yongqin Yin, Bo Li, Kejie Mou, Muhammad T. Khan, Aman C. Kaushik, Dongqing Wei, Yu Juan Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The five-year survival rate and therapeutic effect of malignant glioma is low. Identification of key/associated proteins and pathways in glioma is necessary for developing effective diagnosis and targeted therapy of glioma. In addition, Glioma involves hypoxia-specific microenvironment, whether hypoxia restriction influences the stoichioproteomic characteristics of expressed proteins is unknown. Methods: In this study, we analyzed the most comprehensive immunohistochemical data from 12 human glioma samples and 4 normal cell types of cerebral cortex, identified differentially expressed proteins (DEPs), and researched the oxygen contents of DEPs, highly and lowly expressed proteins. Further we located key genes on human genome to determine their locations and enriched them for key functional pathways. Results: Our results showed that although no difference was detected on whole proteome, the average oxygen content of highly expressed proteins is 6.65% higher than that of lowly expressed proteins in glioma. A total of 1480 differentially expressed proteins were identified in glioma, including 226 up regulated proteins and 1254 down regulated proteins. The average oxygen content of up regulated proteins is 2.56% higher than that of down regulated proteins in glioma. The localization of differentially expressed genes on human genome showed that most genes were on chromosome 1 and least on Y. The up regulated proteins were significantly enriched in pathways including cell cycle, pathways in cancer, oocyte meiosis, DNA replication etc. Functional dissection of the up regulated proteins with high oxygen contents showed that 51.28% of the proteins were involved in cell cycle and cyclins. Conclusions: Element signature of oxygen limitation could not be detected in glioma, just as what happened in plants and microbes. Unsaved use of oxygen by the highly expressed proteins and DEPs were adapted to the fast division of glioma cells. This study can help to reveal the molecular mechanism of glioma, and provide a new approach for studies of cancer-related biomacromolecules. In addition, this study lays a foundation for application of stoichioproteomics in precision medicine.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125
JournalBMC Medical Genomics
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 29 Aug 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Elements content
  • Glioma
  • Hypoxia
  • Proteome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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