Background: Long-term survival of hip implants is of increasing relevance due to the rising life expectancy. The biomechanical effect of strain shielding as a result of implant insertion may lead to bone resorption, thus increasing risk for implant loosening and periprosthetic fractures. Patient-specific quantification of strain shielding could assist orthopedic surgeons in choosing the biomechanically most appropriate prosthesis. Methods: Validated quantitative CT-based finite element models of five femurs in intact and implanted states were considered to propose a systematic algorithm for strain shielding quantification. Three different strain measures were investigated and the most appropriate measure for strain shielding quantification is recommended. It is used to demonstrate a practical femur-specific implant selection among three common designs. Findings: Strain shielding measures demonstrated similar trends in all Gruen zones except zone 1, where the volumetric strain measure differed from von-Mises and maximum principal strains. The volumetric strain measure is in better agreement with clinical bone resorption records. It is also consistent with the biological mechanism of bone remodeling so it is recommended for strain shielding quantification. Applying the strain shielding algorithm on three different implants for a specific femur suggests that the collared design is preferable. Such quantitative biomechanical input is valuable for practical patient specific implant selection. Interpretation: Volumetric strain should be considered for strain shielding examination. The presented methodology may potentially enable patient-specific pre-operative strain shielding evaluation so to minimize strain shielding. It should be further used in a longitudinal study so to correlate between strain shielding predictions and clinical bone resorption.
- Finite element analysis
- Hip prosthesis
- Strain shielding
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine