Strategic self-presentation on Facebook: Personal motives and audience response to online behavior

Liad Bareket-Bojmel, Simone Moran, Golan Shahar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

98 Scopus citations

Abstract

People have always been concerned with their social image and engaged in strategic self-presentation (Goffman, 1959), but the growth of social networking sites (SNS) has had a major influence on such social endeavors. When people choose how to present themselves online, they use strategies and make choices that influence the liking and respect they receive from others. We examine a model that links: (a) motives for self-presentation, (b) actual online behavior on Facebook, and (c) feedback: social network members' responses ("likes," comments). One hundred and fifty-six undergraduates (37 males, 119 females, mean age = 24.5) reported on their last three Facebook status updates (468 status updates overall). Based on structural equation modeling, we found that performance goals predict increased levels of self-enhancement on Facebook and increased levels of social feedback - "likes" and comments by others. Mastery goals do not predict increased levels of self-derogation (posting negative contents about self), but those who do choose to derogate also receive increased numbers of "likes" and comments from their network friends.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)788-795
Number of pages8
JournalComputers in Human Behavior
Volume55
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2016

Keywords

  • Achievement motivation
  • Facebook
  • Online self-presentation
  • Self-enhancement
  • Self-verification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Psychology (all)

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