Stress and burnout among prison personnel: Sources, outcomes, and intervention strategies

Giora Keinan, Ayala Malach-Pines

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

133 Scopus citations


This study identifies the typical stressors affecting individuals working in the prison system in Israel and assesses the outcomes resulting from these stressors. A representative sample of Israel Prison Service employees (N = 496) participate in the study. Participants complete questionnaires designed to assess the stressors in their work and their levels of stress and burnout, and 11% of them are interviewed in-depth. Results show that prison employees experience high levels of stress and burnout in their work. In addition, significant differences in stress reactions are found among different sectors (security, administration, and treatment) and among employees differing in rank and seniority. The most stressful factors were working extra shifts without compensation, low salary, and heavy workload. Recommendations are offered focusing on ways to prevent and reduce stress and burnout among prison personnel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)380-398
Number of pages19
JournalCriminal Justice and Behavior
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2007


  • Burnout
  • Israel
  • Prison employees
  • Stress
  • Stress management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychology (all)
  • Law


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