Constitutive equations are derived for the viscoelastic response of amorphous glassy polymers in the region of subyield deformations. The model treats an amorphous polymer as a composite material consisting of an ensemble of flow units, immobile holes, and clusters of interstitial free volume moving through a network of long chains to and from voids. Changes in macropressure lead to an increase in the equilibrium concentration of interstitial free volume that, in turn, induces diffusion of free-volume elements from holes. The mass flow results in dissolution of voids that is observed as time-dependent densification of a glassy polymer. It is demonstrated that the model correctly predicts stress relaxation and a decrease in the specific volume observed in uniaxial tensile and compressive tests on polycarbonate at room temperature.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Polymer Science|
|State||Published - 1 Dec 1999|