Stress Thallium-201/Rest Technetium-99m Sequential Dual Isotope High-Speed Myocardial Perfusion Imaging

Daniel S. Berman, Xingping Kang, Balaji Tamarappoo, Arik Wolak, Sean W. Hayes, Ryo Nakazato, Louise E.J. Thomson, Faith Kite, Ishac Cohen, Piotr J. Slomka, Andrew J. Einstein, John D. Friedman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

125 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Our purpose was to describe a novel, rapid stress thallium-201 (Tl-201)/rest technetium-99m (Tc-99m) agent myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) protocol (Tl/Tc) with a high-speed MPI scanner and to compare this protocol with a standard rest/stress Tc-99m agent protocol (Tc/Tc) with respect to image quality and radiation dosimetry. Background: Recent advances in gamma camera technology have provided opportunity for improved SPECT MPI protocols. A rapid Tl/Tc protocol that could improve image information while maintaining a low radiation burden for the patient would be desirable. Methods: We compared high-speed SPECT MPI studies in 374 consecutive patients undergoing exercise or pharmacologic Tl/Tc protocol to those of 262 patients undergoing rest/stress Tc/Tc protocol. Results: Tl/Tc imaging was accomplished in <20 min. Overall image quality was good to excellent in 96% and 98% of patients with the Tl/Tc and the Tc/Tc protocols, respectively (p = ns). Beginning rest imaging within 2 min after rest injection with the Tl/Tc protocol did not result in reduced confidence in image interpretation. Early rest Tc images of the Tl/Tc protocol showed less extracardiac activity than was observed on standard rest imaging used in the Tc/Tc protocol (84% vs. 61%), respectively (p < 0.01). The normalcy rate was high in both groups (100% vs. 92%). Radiation burden was similar between the Tl/Tc and Tc/Tc protocols. Conclusions: A rapid stress Tl-201/rest Tc-99m protocol for use with high-speed SPECT MPI has image quality and radiation dosimetry similar to those observed with a conventional rest/stress Tc-99m protocol. The Tl/Tc protocol offers promise as an efficient and relatively low radiation dose method, in which the superior qualities of Tl-201 for stress imaging and of the Tc-99m agents for rest imaging can be preserved. The findings also suggest that with rapid imaging rest MPI immediately after Tc-99m agent injection may be superior to standard delayed image initiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-282
Number of pages10
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Imaging
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • coronary artery disease
  • dual isotope imaging
  • high-speed SPECT
  • myocardial perfusion imaging

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