STRONG LENSING ANALYSIS of the GALAXY CLUSTER MACS J1319.9+7003 and the DISCOVERY of A SHELL GALAXY

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present a strong-lensing (SL) analysis of the galaxy cluster MACS J1319.9+7003 (z = 0.33, also known as Abell 1722), as part of our ongoing effort to analyze massive clusters with archival Hubble Space Telescope (HST) imaging. We spectroscopically measured with Keck/Multi-Object Spectrometer For Infra-Red Exploration (MOSFIRE) two galaxies multiply imaged by the cluster. Our analysis reveals a modest lens, with an effective Einstein radius of , enclosing M o. We briefly discuss the SL properties of the cluster, using two different modeling techniques (see the text for details), and make the mass models publicly available (ftp://wise-ftp.tau.ac.il/pub/adiz/MACS1319/). Independently, we identified a noteworthy, young shell galaxy (SG) system forming around two likely interacting cluster members, 20″ north of the brightest cluster galaxy. SGs are rare in galaxy clusters, and indeed, a simple estimate reveals that they are only expected in roughly one in several dozen, to several hundred, massive galaxy clusters (the estimate can easily change by an order of magnitude within a reasonable range of characteristic values relevant for the calculation). Taking advantage of our lens model best-fit, mass-to-light scaling relation for cluster members, we infer that the total mass of the SG system is , with a host-to-companion mass ratio of about 10:1. Despite being rare in high density environments, the SG constitutes an example to how stars of cluster galaxies are efficiently redistributed to the intra-cluster medium. Dedicated numerical simulations for the observed shell configuration, perhaps aided by the mass model, might cast interesting light on the interaction history and properties of the two galaxies. An archival HST search in galaxy cluster images can reveal more such systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number45
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume834
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Abell 1722)
  • galaxies: clusters: general
  • galaxies: clusters: individual (MACS J1319.9+7003
  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: formation

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'STRONG LENSING ANALYSIS of the GALAXY CLUSTER MACS J1319.9+7003 and the DISCOVERY of A SHELL GALAXY'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this