Strong Lensing Modeling in Galaxy Clusters as a Promising Method to Test Cosmography. I. Parametric Dark Energy Models

Juan Magana, Ana Acebrón, Verónica Motta, Tomás Verdugo, Eric Jullo, Marceau Limousin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


In this paper we probe five cosmological models for which the dark energy equation of state parameter, w(z), is parameterized as a function of redshift using strong lensing data in the galaxy cluster Abell 1689. We constrain the parameters of the w(z) functions by reconstructing the lens model under each one of these cosmologies with strong lensing measurements from two galaxy clusters, Abell 1689 and a mock cluster, Ares, from the Hubble Frontier Fields Comparison Challenge, to validate our methodology. To quantify how the cosmological constraints are biased due to systematic effects in the strong lensing modeling, we carry out three runs considering the following uncertainties for the multiple image positions: 0.″25, 0.″5, and 1.″0. With Ares, we find that larger errors decrease the systematic bias on the estimated cosmological parameters. With real data, our strong-lensing constraints on w(z) are consistent with those derived from other cosmological probes. We confirm that strong lensing cosmography with galaxy clusters is a promising method to constrain w(z) parameterizations. A better understanding of galaxy clusters and their environment is needed, however, to improve the SL modeling and hence to estimate stringent cosmological parameters in alternative cosmologies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2018


  • cosmological parameters
  • dark energy
  • gravitational lensing: strong

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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