Structural Dynamics Behind Clinical Mutants of PncA-Asp12Ala, Pro54Leu, and His57Pro of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Associated With Pyrazinamide Resistance

Aamir Mehmood, Muhammad Tahir Khan, Aman Chandra Kaushik, Anwar Sheed Khan, Muhammad Irfan, Dong Qing Wei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pyrazinamide (PZA) is one of the main FDA approved drugs to be used as the first line of defense against Mycobacterium Tuberculosis (MTB). It is activated into pyrazinoic acid (POA) via MTB's pncA gene-encoded pyrazinamidase (PZase). Mutations are most commonly responsible for PZA-resistance in nearly 70% of the resistant samples. In the present work, MTB positive samples were chosen for PZA drug susceptibility testing (DST) against critical concentration (100 ug/ml) of PZA. The resistant samples were subjected to pncA sequencing. As a result, 36 various mutations have been observed in the PZA resistant samples, uploaded to the NCBI (GeneBank accession no. MH461111). Here we report the mechanism of PZA resistance behind the three mutants (MTs), Asp12Ala, Pro54Leu, and His57Pro in comparison with the wild type (WT) through molecular dynamics simulation to unveil how these mutations affect the overall conformational stability. The post-simulation analyses revealed notable deviations as compared to the WT structure. Molecular docking studies of PZA with MTs and WT, pocket volume inspection and overall shape complementarity analysis confirmed the deleterious nature of these mutations and gave an insight into the mechanism behind PZA-resistance. These analyses provide vital information regarding MTB drug resistance and could be extremely useful in therapy management and overcoming its global burden.

Original languageEnglish
Article number404
JournalFrontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Volume7
DOIs
StatePublished - 10 Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • MTB
  • PZA
  • drug resistance
  • mutations
  • simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Histology
  • Biomedical Engineering

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