Structural requirements in chiral diphosphine-rhodium complexes-XI1 1 Part X: R. Glaser, J. Blumenfeld and M. Twaik, Tetrahedron Letters 4639 (1977). Asymmetric homogeneous hydrogenation of z-α-acylaminocinnamic acids and esters with (1s, 2s)-trans-1,2-bis(diphenylphosphinomethyl) cyclohexane/rhodium(i) complexes

Robert Glaser, Shimona Geresh, Jeanine Blumenfeld, Menachem Twaik

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Abstract

Z-α-acylaminocinnamate esters were hydrogenated with neutral rhodium(I) complexes containing (1S, 2S)-trans-1,2-bis(diphenylphosphinomethyl)cyclohexane. Increasing the steric bulk of the alcohol moiety of the ester function results in increased enantioface differentiation in favor of the re-si prochiral face to yield an excess of the S-amino acid derivatives. In the series of N-acetylphenylalanine ester products (resulting from hydrogenation of Z-α-acetamidocinnamate esters) the optical purity increased from 1% ee-(R) [Me]; 20% ee-(S) [Et]; 47% ee-(S) [i-Pr]; to 58% ee-(S) [t-Bu]. Increasing the steric bulk of the acyl function (NHCOR, where R is an alkyl moiety) favors the reduction of the si-re prochiral face [in the methyl ester substrates] to yield an excess of the R-amino acid derivatives. In the series of N-acylphenylalanine methyl ester products (resulting from hydrogenation of Z-methyl α-acylaminocinnamates) the optical purity increased from 1% ee-(R) [Me]; 13% ee-(R) [i-Pr]; to 15% ee-(R) [t-Bu and 1-adamantyl]. The α-formamido and α-benzamido substrates gave hydrogenation products having 22% ee-(R) [H] and 35% ee-(R) [Ph]. In the corresponding free acids, increasing the steric bulk of the acyl function (NHCOR, where R is an alkyl moiety) results in almost no change in the optical purity of the reduction products. In the series of N-acylphenyl-alanine products (resulting from hydrogenation of Z-α-acylaminocinnamic acids) the optical purity was 35% ee-(S) [Me]; 31% ee-(S) [i-Pr]; 33% ee-(S) [t-Bu]; and 35% ee-(S) [1-adamantyl]. The α-benzamido substrate gave a hydrogenation product having 8% ee-(S).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2405-2408
Number of pages4
JournalTetrahedron
Volume34
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1978

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