Structure-activity relationship of hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives for cooperating with carnosic acid and calcitriol in acute myeloid leukemia cells

Aviram Trachtenberg, Katarzyna Sidoryk, Somaya Alreate, Suchismita Muduli, Andrzej Leś, Marcin Cybulski, Michael Danilenko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Plant phenolic compounds have shown the ability to cooperate with one another at low doses in producing enhanced anticancer effects. This may overcome the limitations (e.g., poor bioavailability and high-dose toxicity) in developing these agents as cancer medicines. We have previously reported that the hydroxycinnamic acid derivative (HCAD) methyl-4-hydroxycinnamate and the phenolic diterpene carnosic acid (CA) can synergistically induce massive calcium-dependent apoptosis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) at non-cytotoxic concentrations of each agent. Here, we explored the chemical nature of the synergy between HCADs and either CA, in inducing cytotoxi-city, or the active metabolite of vitamin D (calcitriol), in enhancing the differentiation of AML cells. This was done by determining the structure–activity relationship of a series of hydroxycinnamic acids and their derivatives (methyl hydroxycinnamates and hydroxybenzylideneacetones) in combination with CA or calcitriol. The HCAD/CA synergy required the following critical structural elements of an HCAD molecule: (a) the para-hydroxyl on the phenolic ring, (b) the carbon C7–C8 double bond, and (c) the methyl-esterified carboxyl. Thus, the only HCADs capable of synergizing with CA were found to be methyl-4-hydroxycinnamate and methyl ferulate, which also most potently enhanced calcitriol-induced cell differentiation. Notably, the C7–C8 double bond was the major requirement for this HCAD/calcitriol cooperation. Our findings may contribute to the rational design of novel synergistically acting AML drugs based on prototype combinations of HCADs with other agents studied here.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1517
JournalBiomedicines
Volume9
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2021

Keywords

  • Acute myeloid leukemia
  • Carnosic acid
  • Hydroxycinnamates
  • Structure-activity relationship
  • Vitamin D

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (all)

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