Study of the membrane effect on turbulent mixing measurements in shock tubes

L. Erez, O. Sadot, D. Oron, G. Erez, L. A. Levin, D. Shvarts, G. Ben-Dor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


The effect of the thin membrane on the time evolution of the shock wave induced turbulent mixing between the two gases initially separated by it is investigated using two different sets of experiments. In the first set, in which a single-mode large-amplitude initial perturbation was studied, two gas combinations (air/SF6 and air/air) and two membrane thicknesses were used. The main conclusion of these experiments was that the tested membrane has a negligible effect on the evolution of the mixing zone, which evolves as predicted theoretically. In the second set, in which similar gas combinations and membrane thicknesses were used, small amplitude random-mode initial perturbation, caused by the membrane rupture, rather than the large amplitude single-mode initial perturbation used in the first set, was studied. The conclusions of these experiments were: (1) The membrane has a significant effect on the mixing zone during the initial stages of its growth. This has also been observed in the air/air experiment where theoretically no growth should exist. (2) The membrane effect on the late time evolution, where the mixing zone width has reached a relatively large-amplitude, was relatively small and in good agreement with full numerical simulations. The main conclusion from the present experiments is that the effect of the membrane is important only during the initial stages of the evolution (before the re-shock), when the perturbations have very small amplitudes, and is negligible when the perturbations reach relatively large amplitudes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-251
Number of pages11
JournalShock Waves
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2000


  • Membrane effect
  • Richtmyer-meshkov instability
  • Shock tube
  • Turbulent mixing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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