SU(12) Kondo effect in a carbon nanotube quantum dot

Igor Kuzmenko, Yshai Avishai

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7 Scopus citations

Abstract

We study the Kondo effect in a CNT(left lead)-CNT(QD)-CNT(right lead) structure. Here CNT is a single-wall metallic carbon nanotube, for which (1) the valence and conduction bands of electrons with zero orbital angular momentum (m=0) coalesce at the two valley points K and K′ of the first Brillouin zone and (2) the energy spectrum of electrons with m≠0 has a gap whose size is proportional to |m|. Following adsorption of hydrogen atoms and application of an appropriately designed gate potential, electron energy levels in the CNT(QD) are tunable to have (1) twofold spin degeneracy; (2) twofold isospin (valley) degeneracy; and (3) threefold orbital degeneracy m=0,±1. As a result, an SU(12) Kondo effect is realized with remarkably high Kondo temperature. Unlike the SU(2) case, the low temperature conductance and magnetic susceptibility have a peak at finite temperature. Moreover, the magnetic susceptibilities for parallel and perpendicular magnetic fields (with respect to the tube axis) display anisotropy with a universal ratio χimp∥/ χimp⊥=η that depends only on the electron's orbital and spin g factors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number195110
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume89
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - 8 May 2014

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