The concept of dynamical symmetries is used for formulation of the renormalization group approach to the Kondo effect in the Anderson model with repulsive and attractive interaction U in the Kondo and mixed valence regimes. It is shown that the generic local dynamical symmetry of the Anderson Hamiltonian is determined by the SU(4) Lie group. The Anderson Hamiltonian is rewritten in terms of the Gell-Mann matrices of fourth rank, which form the set of group generators and the basis for construction of the irreducible vector operators describing the excitation spectra in the charge and spin sectors. The multistage Kondo screening is interpreted as a consecutive reduction of local SU(n) dynamical symmetries from SU(4) to SU(2). It is shown that the similarity between the conventional Kondo cotunneling effect for spin 1/2 in the positive U model and the Kondo resonance for pair tunneling in the negative U model is a direct manifestation of implicit SU(4) symmetry of the Anderson/Kondo model. The relations between the local SU(4) dynamical symmetry and the global SO(4) symmetry in the Hubbard model are discussed in brief.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - 18 May 2012|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics