Subquadratic kernels for implicit 3-hitting set and 3-set packing problems

Tien Nam Le, Daniel Lokshtanov, Saket Saurabh, Stéphan Thomassé, Meirav Zehavi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

We consider four well-studied NP-complete packing/covering problems on graphs: Feedback Vertex Set in Tournaments (FVST), Cluster Vertex Deletion (CVD), Triangle Packing in Tournaments (TPT) and Induced P3Packing. For these four problems kernels with O(k2) vertices have been known for a long time. In fact, such kernels can be obtained by interpreting these problems as finding either a packing of k pairwise disjoint sets of size 3 (3-Set Packing) or a hitting set of size at most k for a family of sets of size at most 3 (3-Hitting Set). In this paper, we give the first kernels for FVST, CVD, TPT and Induced P3-Packing with a subquadratic number of vertices. Specifically, we obtain the following results. FVST admits a kernel with O(k 32 ) vertices. CVD admits a kernel with O(k 53 ) vertices. TPT admits a kernel with O(k 32 ) vertices. Induced P3-Packing admits a kernel with O(k 53 ) vertices. Our results resolve an open problem from WorKer 2010 on the existence of kernels with O(k2) vertices for FVST and CVD. All of our results are based on novel uses of old and new "expansion lemmas", and a weak form of crown decomposition where (i) almost all of the head is used by the solution (as opposed to all), (ii) almost none of the crown is used by the solution (as opposed to none), and (iii) if H is removed from G, then there is almost no interaction between the head and the rest (as opposed to no interaction at all).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication29th Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, SODA 2018
EditorsArtur Czumaj
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Pages331-342
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781611975031
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018
Event29th Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, SODA 2018 - New Orleans, United States
Duration: 7 Jan 201810 Jan 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms

Conference

Conference29th Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, SODA 2018
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityNew Orleans
Period7/01/1810/01/18

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