Subwavelength nonimaging light concentrators for the harvesting of the solar radiation

Gilad Marko, Ashish Prajapati, Gil Shalev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Light trapping and the broadband absorption of the solar radiation is of interest to various solar energy harvesting applications. In the current work, we report a new paradigm for light trapping, that is light trapping based on arrays of subwavelength nonimaging light concentrators (NLCs). We numerically show that silicon NLC arrays provide >75% broadband absorption enhancement of the solar radiation compared with that of optimized nanopillar arrays. The paper focuses on free-floating arrays of subwavelength compound parabolic concentrators (henceforth CPC arrays)as a case study. The calculations reveal that CPC arrays function as anti-transmission layers as only few photons transverse the CPC arrays which is in contrast to nanopillar arrays that function as anti-reflection layers. We show that the absorption enhancement in CPC arrays is due to efficient occupation of Mie modes which is motivated by the unique CPC geometry, and we demonstrate light trapping at the Yablonovitch limit. Finally, we examine the performance of a photovoltaic cell based on CPC arrays with respect to base doping levels and surface recombination. We show that the short-circuit current density of the CPC-based cell is >75% higher than the short-circuit current density of a photovoltaic cell based on optimized nanopillar arrays. We believe that light trapping based on NLC arrays paves the way to various applications such as ultra-thin photovoltaic cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-283
Number of pages9
JournalNano Energy
Volume61
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2019

Keywords

  • Light trapping
  • Metamaterials
  • Nanophotonics
  • Nanopillar arrays
  • Solar absorption
  • Subwavelength structures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science (all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Subwavelength nonimaging light concentrators for the harvesting of the solar radiation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this