14C dates from Tel Rehov: Iron-age chronology, pharaohs, and Hebrew kings

Hendrik J. Bruins, Johannes Van der Plicht, Amihai Mazar

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    105 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Stratified radiocarbon dates provide an independent chronological link between archaeological layers and historical data. The invasion by Pharaoh Shoshenq l (Shishak) is a key historical synchronism, ∼925 B.C.E., mentioned in both Egyptian inscriptions and the Hebrew Bible. The list of places raided by Shoshenq, mentioned at Karnak (Egypt), includes Rehov (Israel.) The site yielded a consistent series of radiocarbon dates from the 12th to 9th century B.C.E. Our results (i) suggest a revised Iron-Age chronology; (ii) date an archaeological stratum to Shoshenq's campaign; (iii) indicate the similarity of "Solomonic" and "Omride" pottery; and (iv) provide correlation with Greece and Cyprus.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)315-318
    Number of pages4
    JournalScience
    Volume300
    Issue number5617
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 11 Apr 2003

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General

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