Super-resolution reconstruction in ultrahigh-field MRI

Macy Payne, Ivina Mali, Thomas Mueller, Mary Cain, Ronen Segev, Stefan H. Bossmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a highly significant imaging platform for a variety of medical and research applications. However, the low spatiotemporal resolution of conventional MRI limits its applicability toward rapid acquisition of ultrahigh-resolution scans. Current aims at high-resolution MRI focus on increasing the accuracy of tissue delineation, assessments of structural integrity, and early identification of malignancies. Unfortunately, high-resolution imaging often leads to decreased signal/noise (SNR) and contrast/noise (CNR) ratios and increased time cost, which are unfeasible in many clinical and academic settings, offsetting any potential benefits. In this study, we apply and assess the efficacy of super-resolution reconstruction (SRR) through iterative back-projection utilizing through-plane voxel offsets. SRR allows for high-resolution imaging in condensed time frames. Rat skulls and archerfish samples, typical models in academic settings, were used to demonstrate the impact of SRR on varying sample sizes and applicability for translational and comparative neuroscience. The SNR and CNR increased in samples that did not fully occupy the imaging probe and in instances where the low-resolution data were acquired in three dimensions, while the CNR was found to increase with both 3D and 2D low-resolution data reconstructions when compared with directly acquired high-resolution images. Limitations to the applied SRR algorithm were investigated to determine the maximum ratios between low-resolution inputs and high-resolution reconstructions and the overall cost effectivity of the strategy. Overall, the study revealed that SRR could be used to decrease image acquisition time, increase the CNR in nearly all instances, and increase the SNR in small samples.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100107
JournalBiophysical Reports
Issue number2
StatePublished - 14 Jun 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Biotechnology


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