Surface-Functionalized Poly(Ether Sulfone) Composite Hollow Fiber Membranes with Improved Biocompatibility and Uremic Toxins Clearance for Bioartificial Kidney Application

Akshay Modi, Surendra Kumar Verma, Jayesh Bellare

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bioartificial kidney (BAK) is attracting the focus of the research community. In this study, the efficacy of surface-functionalized poly(ether sulfone)-TPGS-graphene oxide composite hollow fiber membranes as a promising material for the single extracorporeal unit for BAK application was evaluated. The cytotoxicity was examined using human primary renal proximal tubular epithelial cells (hPTCs), and the removal of uremic toxins (urea, creatinine, phosphate, and lysozyme) from the toxin-spiked goat blood was measured. The surface-functionalized polymer composite membranes acted as a biocompatible material for attachment and proliferation of hPTCs, which was confirmed by microscopy studies, proliferation, and activity assays. The functional activity of these renal cells over this biocompatible membrane was also maintained. Remarkably, the functionalized composite membranes showed removal of urea (46.4 ± 3.5%), creatinine (52.2 ± 3.9%), phosphate (35.5 ± 2.7%), and lysozyme (11.2 ± 0.8%) from the toxin-spiked goat blood. Therefore, these obtained results showed that the surface-functionalized poly(ether sulfone)-TPGS-graphene oxide composite hollow fiber membranes are suitable for BAK application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1589-1597
Number of pages9
JournalACS Applied Bio Materials
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 16 Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • biocompatibility
  • cells functional activity
  • human primary renal proximal tubular epithelial cells
  • surface-functionalized poly(ether sulfone) composite hollow fiber membranes
  • uremic toxins clearance

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