Surface segregation in Ni(W) solid solution

Eyal Sagie, Micha Polak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The surface composition of Ni-7%W solid solution equilibrated under UHV in the range 750-1100 K was determined by means of quantitative Auger electron spectroscopy. Only part of the excess tungsten accumulated at the sputter-cleaned surface dissolved upon subsequent annealing, and from the temperature dependence of the residual W equilibrium concentration, quantified for two different in-depth distribution models, segregation enthalpies and excess entropies are derived. The observed tungsten surface segregation tendency indicates dominance of elastic strain release over weakened interatomic bonding driving forces in this solid solution. Tungsten segregation levels are relatively low because of the small net energetic driving force, and due to a suppressing excess entropy effect. Adsorption of oxygen on the alloy surfaces enhances W segregation at elevated temperatures due to preferential W-O interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-229
Number of pages7
JournalSurface Science
Volume459
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2000

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