Perovskite alkaline earth stannates, such as $BaSnO_3$ and $SrSnO_3$, showing light transparency and high electrical conductivity (when doped), have become promising candidates for novel optoelectrical devices. Such devices are mostly based on hetero-structures and understanding of their electronic structure, which usually deviates from the bulk, is mandatory for exploring a full application potential. Employing angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and ab initio calculations we reveal the existence of a 2-dimensional metallic state at the $SnO_2$-terminated surface of a 1\% La-doped $BaSnO_3$ thin film. The observed surface state is characterized by distinct carrier density and a smaller effective mass in comparison with the corresponding bulk values. The small surface effective mass of about $0.12m_e$ can cause an improvement of the electrical conductivity of BSO based heterostructures.
|Journal||arXiv preprint arXiv:2101.03399|
|State||Published - 9 Jan 2021|