Objective: Impaired surfactant activity may contribute to primary graft dysfunction after lung transplantation. We assessed the role of surfactant treatment in lung transplant recipients with severe life threatening primary lung graft dysfunction. Patients and methods: Five patients after lung transplantation: 4 after single-lung transplantation, for emphysema (n = 3) or idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (n = 1), and 1 patient after double-lung transplantation for cystic fibrosis. All had severe life threatening primary graft dysfunction that failed to respond to conventional measures. Treatment consisted of bronchoscopic instillation of mammalian surfactant, 20-90 cc, at 3 (n = 1) or 7 days (n = 4) after transplantation. Results: There was a significant improvement in the ratio of partial arterial oxygen tension (PaO2) to fractional concentration of oxygen in inspired gas (FIO2), from a mean of 98.8 ± 21.7 to 236.8 ± 52.3 mmHg (p = 0.0006), within hours of treatment. All were eventually discharged home and showed a satisfactory FEV1 (44-67% predicted) at the 6-month follow-up. All patients were still alive 6 months or more after transplantation. Conclusion: Surfactant treatment improves oxygenation and may be life saving in patients with primary lung graft dysfunction.
- Lung transplantation
- Primary graft dysfunction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine