Surgery for li fraumeni syndrome: Pushing the limits of surgical oncology

Russell C. Langan, Kiran H. Lagisetty, Scott Atay, Prakash Pandalai, Alexander Stojadinovic, Udo Rudloff, Itzhak Avital

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Li Fraumeni syndrome is an autosomal dominant cancer syndrome due to a germline mutation in the p53 tumor suppressor gene. It results in multiple primary neoplasms in children and adults. A common question when faced with a Li Fraumeni patient who develops multiple primary cancers and/or recurrences is what is the proper treatment? Data suggests that ionizing radiation exposure increases the incidence of second malignancies in the Li Fraumeni population. Therefore, how much surgery can a cancer patient tolerate and still derive benefit from it? Methods: We describe a representative case of a 54-year-old female with Li Fraumeni syndrome with an enlarging adrenocortical hepatic metastasis, a new primary ampullary cancer, and an extensive surgical history. Results: We performed a simultaneous pancreaticoduodenectomy and repeat partial hepatectomy. Conclusions: We propose that surgery is underutilized in metastatic solid organ familial cancers in general, and argue that an aggressive surgical approach should be considered in a multidisciplinary manner for patients with Li Fraumeni syndrome and recurrent tumors. However, because of the rarity of this familial cancer there is a paucity of evidence to support this approach, therefore a review of the literature is presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-102
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Feb 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Li Fraumeni syndrome
  • metastasectomy
  • simultaneous pancreaticoduodenectomy and hepatectomy

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