Symmetry structure of the interactions in near-BPS corners of N = 4 super-Yang-Mills

Stefano Baiguera, Troels Harmark, Yang Lei, Nico Wintergerst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


We consider limits of N = 4 super-Yang-Mills (SYM) theory that approach BPS bounds. These limits result in non-relativistic near-BPS theories that describe the effective dynamics near the BPS bounds and upon quantization are known as Spin Matrix theories. The near-BPS theories can be obtained by reducing N = 4 SYM on a three-sphere and integrating out the fields that become non-dynamical in the limits. We perform the sphere reduction for the near-BPS limit with SU(1, 2|2) symmetry, which has several new features compared to the previously considered cases with SU(1) symmetry, including a dynamical gauge field. We discover a new structure in the classical limit of the interaction term. We show that the interaction term is built from certain blocks that comprise an irreducible representation of the SU(1, 2|2) algebra. Moreover, the full interaction term can be interpreted as a norm in the linear space of this representation, explaining its features including the positive definiteness. This means one can think of the interaction term as a distance squared from saturating the BPS bound. The SU(1, 1|1) near-BPS theory, and its subcases, is seen to inherit these features. These observations point to a way to solve the strong coupling dynamics of these near-BPS theories.

Original languageEnglish
Article number29
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • AdS-CFT Correspondence
  • Field Theories in Lower Dimensions
  • Supersymmetric Effective Theories
  • Supersymmetric Gauge Theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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