Syndrome to gene (S2G): In-silico identification of candidate genes for human diseases

Avitan Gefen, Raphael Cohen, Ohad S. Birk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


The identification of genomic loci associated with human genetic syndromes has been significantly facilitated through the generation of high density SNP arrays. However, optimal selection of candidate genes from within such loci is still a tedious labor-intensive bottle-neck. Syndrome to Gene (S2G) is based on novel algorithms which allow an efficient search for candidate genes in a genomic locus, using known genes whose defects cause phenotypically similar syndromes. S2G ( includes two components: a phenotype Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM)-based search engine that alleviates many of the problems in the existing OMIM search engine (negation phrases, overlapping terms, etc.). The second component is a gene prioritizing engine that uses a novel algorithm to integrate information from 18 databases. When the detailed phenotype of a syndrome is inserted to the web-based software, S2G offers a complete improved search of the OMIM database for similar syndromes. The software then prioritizes a list of genes from within a genomic locus, based on their association with genes whose defects are known to underlie similar clinical syndromes. We demonstrate that in all 30 cases of novel disease genes identified in the past year, the disease gene was within the top 20% of candidate genes predicted by S2G, and in most cases - within the top 10%. Thus, S2G provides clinicians with an efficient tool for diagnosis and researchers with a candidate gene prediction tool based on phenotypic data and a wide range of gene data resources. S2G can also serve in studies of polygenic diseases, and in finding interacting molecules for any gene of choice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-236
Number of pages8
JournalHuman Mutation
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2010


  • Bioinformatics
  • Candidate gene prediction
  • Data integration
  • Mendelian disease
  • OMIM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


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