Synthesis and redox chemistry of octaethylporphyrin complexes of ruthenium (II) and ruthenium (III)

Mark Barley, James Y Becker, George Domazetis, David Dolphin, Brian R James

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The syntheses and characterization of some new octaethylporphyrin complexes of ruthenium(II) and ruthenium(III) are described; the complexes are Ru(OEP)(P″Bu3)2, Ru(OEP)(CO)L (L = PPh3, P″Bu3), [Ru(OEP)(P″Bu3)2]Br, and Ru(OEP)(P″Bu3)Br, where OEP is the dianion of octaethylporphyrin. The Ru(OEP)(CO)EtOH complex, 1, which reversibly loses the ethanol ligand in CH2Cl2 solution, undergoes a one-equivalent oxidation at the porphyrin ligand to generate the cation-radical [Ru(OEP)•+(CO)]+; a purple species of 2A2u ground state, produced electrochemically in perchlorate media, can coordinate bromide to generate a green 2A1u ground state species that also results from oxidation of 1 using bromine. Coordination of pyridine to [Ru(OEP)•+(CO)]+ yields the Ru(OEP)•+(CO)py species that can also be formed by electrochemical oxidation of Ru(OEP)(CO)py. Addition of tertiary phosphines (PR3) to the cation-radical carbonyl species can lead to formation of [Ru(OEP)(PR3)2]+, via an internal electron transfer process from Ru(II) to the OEP•+ that appears to be triggered by loss of the CO ligand. A reversible one-electron electrochemical oxidation of Ru(OEP)(P″Bu3)2 at 0.03 V (vs. Ag/AgCl) in CH2Cl2 also gives the ruthenium(III) biphosphine cation, while a further one-electron oxidation at 1.2 V generates [Ru(OEP)•+(P″Bu3)2]2+, a ruthenium(III) π-cation radical characterized by esr. The [Ru(OEP)(P″Bu3)2]Br complex decomposes in the solid state to a mixture of Ru(OEP)(P″Bu3)Br, formed together with free phosphine via an intramolecular ligand exchange, and Ru(OEP)(P″Bu3)2, formed by reduction of the initial ionic ruthenium(III) cation with the phosphine that appears as [P″Bu3Br]Br.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2389-2396
Number of pages8
JournalCanadian Journal of Chemistry
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1983


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