Synthesis of sulfur doped g-C3N4 with enhanced photocatalytic activity in molten salt

Keke Guan, Junyi Li, Wen Lei, Honghong Wang, Zhaoming Tong, Quanli Jia, Haijun Zhang, Shaowei Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, sulfur doped g-C3N4 (S-g-C3N4) was successfully prepared at 500 °C for 3 h via a modified molten salt method using dicyandiamide as the main raw material, trithiocyanuric acid as the sulfur source and LiBr[sbnd]KCl as the reaction medium. The as-prepared S[sbnd]CN5.0% sample (the mass ratio of trithiocyanuric acid to dicyandiamide was 5.0%) composed of irregular flakes showed a band gap of 1.83 eV, which was narrower than that (2.55 eV) of pristine g-C3N4. The S[sbnd]CN5.0% sample also exhibited an outstanding absorption capacity of visible light. Moreover, the photodegradation rate toward methylene blue and tetracycline were respectively 10 and 20 times as high as that of bulk g-C3N4 prepared by conventional heating methods, confirming its superior photocatalytic performance. These results can be attributed to that the replacement of lattice nitrogen with sulfur atom tuned the electronic structure of g-C3N4, improved the absorption of visible light, optimized the separation of photogenerated electron-hole pairs, and consequently enhanced the photocatalytic activity of g-C3N4. Moreover, the trapping experiments implied that hole (h+) and superoxide radical (·O2−) were the main active species in the process of photodegradation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1131-1142
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Materiomics
Volume7
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Methylene blue
  • Molten salt
  • Photocatalytic activity
  • Sulfur doped
  • Tetracycline
  • g-CN

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys

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