Teaching mathematics in a context of lockdown: A study focused on teachers’ praxeologies

Gilles Aldon, Annalisa Cusi, Florian Schacht, Osama Swidan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


This study aims to explore how teachers from four countries-France, Israel, Italy, and Germany-manage their teaching-learning activity in the context of lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic. About 700 teachers from the four countries participated in this study. They were given an online questionnaire that involved 22 open-ended items, in which they were requested to complete the items that were structured taking into account the relationships between teacher, students, mathematics and resources. The qualitative analysis of teachers’ answers was carried out, referring to both the meta-didactical transposition model and Bishop’s framework on values to investigate teachers’ teaching-learning activities and the reasons underlying their choices. The empirical analysis suggests four tasks corresponding to the main challenges that teachers had to face during the time of lockdown: (a) managing distance learning to support students’ learning through specific methodologies; (b) managing distance learning to develop assessment; (c) managing distance learning to support those students that face difficulties and/or are living a difficult situation/developing inclusive teaching; and (d) managing distance learning to exploit its potentialities for fostering typical mathematical processes. The values that motivated the teachers to change their teaching-learning activities are discussed, conclusions of how the time of lockdown affects the mathematics teaching is drawn, and finally, recommendations and insights from this study are shared.

Original languageEnglish
Article number38
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalEducation Sciences
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2021


  • COVID-19 pandemic
  • Distance-learning
  • Lockdown
  • Meta-didactical transposition
  • Teachers’ praxeologies
  • Values in mathematics education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Education
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Public Administration
  • Computer Science Applications


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