Tel Erani, Israel: Reporte de la campaña arqueológica de 2018 y sus antecedentes

Translated title of the contribution: Tel Erani, Israel: Report of the 2018 Season and Its Background

Ianir Milevski, Marcelo Campagno, Bernardi Gandulla, Pablo Jaruf, M. Belén Daizo, Marcin Czarnowicz, Agnieszka Ochał-Czarnowicz, Jacek Karmowski, Dmitry Yegorov, Eli Cohen-Sasson, Yuval Yekutieli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In July 2018, a team of researchers from the Institute of Ancient Near Eastern History “Dr. Abraham Rosenvasser”, in the framework of the Project PICT-Raíces 2015-2943, participated in the excavations at Tel Erani, Israel. Tel Erani, excavated since the 1950’s, is a key site to understand the relations between southern Palestine (Southern Levant) and Egypt during the Early Bronze IB (second half of the 4th millennium BC), since a significant presence of Egyptian findings has been found, including a sherd with a serekh of King Narmer. Furthermore, pottery of a characteristic local style, called Erani C has been found, identified also at the Nile Delta (Tell el-Farkha) and in proto-dynastic tombs, such as U-j in Abydos. Parts of these finds are related to at least two overlapping fortification walls that possibly surrounded the entire tel which occupied approximately 25 ha. This would be one of the earliest fortified settlements in southern Palestine. In the campaign of 2018, two areas were excavated: Area D3, where Egyptian material is abundant along with local elements, and Area P-Q, corresponding to one of the areas where the fortifications are located. The results of this last campaign indicate that these defensive walls would be prior to the Egyptian phase, i.e. during the Early Bronze IB1. During the late phase, Early Bronze IB2, the relations between both regions would have intensified, with the possibility that the Egyptians have played a more active role at Tel Erani.
Translated title of the contributionTel Erani, Israel: Report of the 2018 Season and Its Background
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)5-22
JournalRevista del Instituto de Historia Antigua Oriental
Issue number20
StatePublished - 30 Nov 2019


  • Tel Erani
  • Early Bronze IB
  • Palestine
  • Egypt
  • fortification walls


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