Temperament at 7, 12, and 25 months in children at familial risk for ADHD

Judith G. Auerbach, Andrea Berger, Naama Atzaba-Poria, Shoshana Arbelle, Nira Cypin, Adi Friedman, Rivka Landau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

As part of a longitudinal investigation of infants at familial risk for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), mothers and fathers independently completed temperament ratings on their infants. In this paper, we examine the 7-, 12-, and 25-month temperament of 58 boys, 36 of whom were considered at familial risk for ADHD and 22 of whom were in the comparison group. Risk for ADHD was based on self-reported ADHD symptoms in the father. In addition, the influence of informant gender on temperament ratings was examined. The ADHD risk group received significantly higher scores for activity level and anger and lower scores for attentional shift, appropriate allocation of attention and inhibitory control. Their scores were also significantly lower on a composite measure of effortful control. Taken together, these findings offer support for the view of a link between early temperament and risk for ADHD. The only informant gender difference was for the activity level; mothers rated their sons as more active than did fathers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-338
Number of pages18
JournalInfant and Child Development
Volume17
Issue number4 SPEC. ISS.
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2008

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • Infants
  • Parents
  • Risk
  • Stability
  • Temperament

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Temperament at 7, 12, and 25 months in children at familial risk for ADHD'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this