Temperature-pressure induced nano-structural inhomogenities for vortex pinning in bulk MgB2 of different connectivity

Tatiana Prikhna, Michael Eisterer, Harald W. Weber, Wolfgang Gawalek, Valeriy Kovylaev, Myroslav Karpets, Viktor Moshchil, Artem Kozyrev, Tatiana Basyuk, Xavier Chaud, Wilfried Goldacker, Vladimir Sokolovsky, Jacques Noudem, Alexandr Borimskiy, Vladimir Sverdun, Elena Prisyazhnaya

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8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Higher critical current densities, jc, (up to 1.6-0.15 MA/cm2 at 10-35 K) at low magnetic fields can be attained in MgB 2-based materials, if a high manufacturing temperature (1050 °C) is used, while low temperatures (600-800 °C) usually lead to higher critical currents in high magnetic fields (10-4 kA/cm2 in 6-10 T at 10 K). This tendency was observed for MgB2-based materials having 55-99% density and 17-98% connectivity, which were prepared by different methods from different precursors in a wide range of pressure (0.1 MPa-2 GPa). The variation of the manufacturing temperature led to a redistribution of the magnesium, boron, and impurity oxygen. At 2 GPa, its increase results in the segregation of the oxygen in MgB2 and the transformation of 15-20 nm thick layers of MgB0.6-0.8O0.8-0.9 into separate MgB 0.9-3.5O1.6-2 grains and to a reduction of the size of MgB11-13O0.2-0.3 inclusions located in the MgB2 (MgB2.2-1.7O0.4-0.6) matrix. The size reduction of B-enriched inclusions and the localization of O in MgB2 seem to be the reason for the increase of jc in low fields and for the shift from grain boundary to point pinning of vortices witnessed by an increase of the k-ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-112
Number of pages4
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its Applications
Volume503
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Connectivity
  • Critical current density
  • Higher magnesium borides
  • Magnesium diboride
  • Nanostructure
  • Pinning centres

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