We show that general string-net condensed states have a natural representation in terms of tensor product states (TPSs). These TPSs are built from local tensors. They can describe both states with short-range entanglement (such as the symmetry-breaking states) and states with long-range entanglement (such as string-net condensed states with topological/quantum order). The tensor product representation provides a kind of "mean-field" description for topologically ordered states and could be a powerful way to study quantum phase transitions between such states. As an attempt in this direction, we show that the constructed TPSs are fixed points under a certain wave-function renormalization-group transformation for quantum states.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - 18 Mar 2009|