Testing for emergence in artificial life

Edmund M.A. Ronald, Moshe Sipper, Mathieu S. Capcarrère

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

25 Scopus citations


The field of artificial life (Alife) is replete with documented instances of emergence, though debate still persists as to the meaning of this term. In the absence of a formal definition, researchers in the field would be well served by adopting an emergence certification mark which would garner approval from the Alife community. We propose an emergence test, consisting of three criteria—design, observation, and surprise—for conferring the emergence label.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Artificial Life - 5th European Conference, ECAL 1999, Proceedings
EditorsDario Floreano, Jean-Daniel Nicoud, Francesco Mondada
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)3540664521, 9783540664529
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1999
Externally publishedYes
Event5th European Conference on Artificial Life, ECAL 1999 - Lausanne, Switzerland
Duration: 13 Sep 199917 Sep 1999

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference5th European Conference on Artificial Life, ECAL 1999


  • Emergence Test
  • Artificial Life
  • Design Language
  • Elementary Interaction
  • Emergent Behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • General Computer Science


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