TGA-DSC Combined Coal Analysis as a Tool for QC (Quality Control) and Reactivity Patterns of Coals

Aviv Hassid, Mathias Klinger, Steffen Krzack, Haim Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Coal is at present a major fuel source for power generation worldwide and will remain as such in the near future. The most important property of coal that determines its price is its calorific value. However, volatiles, ash, and moisture content are also very important properties needed for the quality control (QC) of the coal used to maintain an optimal operation of coal combustion in a boiler. The determination of these properties is carried out via well-established ASTM/DIN methods, which are slow and time-consuming. This study uses combined thermogravimetric analysis (TGA)/differential thermal calorimetry (DSC) instrumentation as a tool to evaluate the reactivity patterns of the aliphatic versus aromatic content of coals, which is correlated to the volatile content of coals. Two coals, bituminous (American Baily Pittsburgh No. 6) used in Israeli utilities and lignite (brown coal Hambach) used in German power plants, have been investigated in this study. The results show that the combined TG/DSC method can provide a much better understanding of the chemical reactivity of coals in the combustion process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1893-1907
Number of pages15
JournalACS Omega
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 18 Jan 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (all)
  • Chemical Engineering (all)

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